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发布日期:2021-03-12 00:03:01 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

In recent days, "Whether physical testing should be the obstacle of athletes" has become a hot topic of discussion among the people.


On September 26, the 2020 National Swimming Championships kicked off in Qingdao, Shandong. Chinese swimming star Fu Yuanhui won the first place in the women's 100m backstroke with 59.48 seconds. It is worth mentioning that she is also the only player to squeeze into the 1-minute mark in the preliminaries.


Unexpectedly, Fu Yuanhui, who won the first place in the preliminaries, bid farewell to the finals because of the failure to meet the physical fitness test.


Coincidentally, Chinese swimmer Wang Jian Jiahe, who won double firsts in the preliminary rounds, also bid farewell to the final because of his failure to meet the physical fitness test. According to statistics, up to now, at least 7 Chinese swimming stars have missed the finals because of their physical fitness tests.


In addition, chess, fencing, gymnastics, shot put, diving, basketball, football and many other fields have been closely connected with physical fitness tests.


In this year's National Gymnastics Championships, there was a dramatic scene: because too many athletes were eliminated in advance because they did not meet the physical fitness test, the bottom-to-last qualifiers actually entered the national finals. In the end, she chose one of the most difficult front-hands to finish the competition and successfully won the fifth place in the National Gymnastics Championships.


The mountain of "Physical Fitness Test" not only made many athletes miserable, but also directly blocked the way forward for a group of people.


Shot put world champion Gong Lijiao was originally a strong contender for the shot put championship at the National Athletics Championships, but because it was difficult to cope with the high-intensity physical fitness test, he simply announced his abandonment.


Why did the physical fitness test suddenly set off such a big storm in the Chinese sports world?


On February 24 this year, the General Office of the General Administration of Sport issued the "Notice of the General Office of the General Administration of Sport on Further Strengthening Basic Physical Training and Supplementing Physical Ability", stating that all preparation units must meet physical fitness standards as a prerequisite for selecting athletes. Participate in the Tokyo Olympics.


The "Notice" also mentioned that the physical fitness test should be linked to the issuance of training allowances, and athletes and related personnel who do not meet the physical fitness test standards must be resolutely deducted part of the training allowance according to regulations.


In short, no matter what you are doing, no matter how you score in this major, as long as the physical fitness test fails, you will pass the PASS!


Why does one physical test stump so many heroes?


According to the requirements of "National Team Physical Fitness Test Rating Standard (February 2020 Edition)", the physical fitness test is divided into basic fitness test, trunk stability and left and right side strength balance test of upper and lower limbs, and plate fitness test.


The basic physical fitness test alone includes complex projects such as seat forward bending, 30-meter running, vertical jump, pull-ups, and 2 km/3 km.

仅基本的体能测试就包括复杂的项目,例如座椅向前弯曲,30米跑步,垂直跳跃,引体向上和2 km / 3 km。

In addition, the State Sports General Administration clearly requires that the three tests each account for 100 points, and the total score is less than 240 points, and any one of them is less than 75 points as unqualified.


There is no doubt that physical fitness occupies a very important link in any sport. But from another point of view, every sport has different basic requirements for physical fitness. If a fixed standard requirement is used to measure the physical fitness of all athletes, it seems a bit old-fashioned.


In addition to the recent turbulent physical fitness test, there have been many strange regulations in the history of Chinese sports.


On July 5, 2008, the National Men's Basketball League (NBL) came to an end. The first and second runner-ups were Guangdong Fenglu, Tianjin Ronggang and Qingdao Double Star.


According to common sense, it seems undisputed that Guangdong Fenglu, who won the championship, was promoted to the CBA League. However, after the CBA League Access Evaluation Panel evaluated the three clubs, it was decided that the runner-up Tianjin Ronggang would be promoted to the CBA League and the third place Qingdao Double Star won. Instead, Guangdong Fenglu, who won the NBL championship, was eliminated as a substitute.


It turned out that the CBA League Committee did not adopt a general admission system as an upgrade standard, but changed it to a "voting referendum."


On September 4, 2008, the CBA League Committee voted by secret ballot: Tianjin Ronggang won 10 votes, Qingdao Double Star won 6 votes, and NBL champion Guangdong Fenglu only won 1 vote.


As soon as this result came out, Guangdong Phoenix Aluminum Club immediately held a related press conference to publicly question the fairness of the so-called access assessment team of the CBA League. On July 23, Guangdong Phoenix Aluminum Club once again reiterated its dissatisfaction with the access assessment team, and immediately announced that it would take legal measures to protect its rights.

结果一出,广东凤凰铝业俱乐部就立即举行了相关新闻发布会,公开质疑所谓的CBA联赛访问评估团队的公平性。 7月23日,广东凤凰铝业俱乐部再次重申对准入评估小组的不满,并立即宣布将采取法律措施保护其权利。

On October 7, 2008, all members of the CBA Committee re-voted by secret ballot on Guangdong Fenglu, but the results did not change much: Tianjin Ronggang received 25 votes, Qingdao Double Star received 24 votes, and Guangdong Fenglu received 0 votes. .

2008年10月7日,CBA委员会所有成员通过无记名投票对广东枫露进行了投票,但结果没有太大变化:天津荣刚获得25票,青岛双星获得24票,广东枫露获得0票。 。

Joint statement content


Soon after, the 16 clubs issued a "joint statement" announcing their full support for all decisions made by the basketball team, and Guangdong Fenglu's "CBA dream" was thus disillusioned.

此后不久,这16家具乐部发表了“联合声明”,宣布他们全力支持篮球队的所有决定,从而使广东丰陆的“ CBA梦想”破灭了。

Although it has been determined that they will not be eligible for CBA, the senior officials of Guangdong Fenglu still did not give up the last glimmer of hope.


On October 22, 2008, the club formally sued the Chinese Basketball Association in Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court, believing that the latter temporarily changed the basis for promotion from the admission system to a referendum.


Unfortunately, the court did not accept the prosecution of Guangdong Fenglu Club.


In desperation, the Guangdong Fenglu Basketball Club can only end its rights defense operations. Soon after, the relevant senior level of the club held a press conference in Foshan, Guangdong. Tan Jie, the director of the office, announced with tears that Guangdong Fenglu had withdrawn from the Chinese Basketball Association. The club then dismissed all the first and second-line players, a vigorous "Fenglu rights protection incident" The curtain came to an end.


The 2002 World Men’s Basketball Championship was held in the United States. The highly anticipated Chinese men’s basketball team performed poorly in the tournament. With only one victory, it could only be ranked 12th.


In the Busan Asian Games to be held soon, the Chinese men's basketball team and the host South Korea will join the final. When the game was only 30 seconds, the Chinese team was still leading by 7 points, but then due to a series of chaotic tactics and inattentive attitude, the South Korean team dragged the game into overtime, and finally defeated the Chinese team 102:100 to win the championship.


After returning to China, the Basketball Association believes that the reason for the poor performance of the Chinese men's basketball team has a lot to do with not being good at coping with full court press tactics.


In order to strengthen the Chinese team's full-court pressing ability, the Basketball Association deliberately modified the relevant CBA rules, requiring each team to use full-court pressing tactics in 1 of the 4 quarters.


In order to standardize the full-court press tactics, the Basketball Association even used large written documents to define the standards of the full-court press tactics, and stipulated that each team must determine in advance which quarter to use the full-court press tactics, and Inform the opponent in advance of the result.

为了规范全场新闻策略,篮球协会甚至使用大量的书面文件来定义全场新闻策略的标准,并规定每支球队必须提前确定使用全场新闻策略的哪个季度。 ,并在结果之前通知对手。

This policy immediately aroused all the condemnation of the Chinese basketball community. Almost all the players and coaches of the CBA team expressed strong opposition, and some foreign teachers even called this rule "the stupidest decision."

这项政策立即引起了中国篮球界的所有谴责。 CBA团队的几乎所有球员和教练都表示强烈反对,一些外国老师甚至将此规则称为“最愚蠢的决定”。

Regrettably, external criticisms have not shaken the determination of the Cradle Association to implement the regulations.


In the 2002~2003 season of the CBA League, this rule, which was severely divorced from the actual situation of the game, caused headaches for both coaches and players. The background conditions of openness and transparency make the full-court press tactics that emphasize concealment and suddenness completely useless, and even the referee has no way to accurately grasp the scale in the judgment process.


A season later, this bizarre regulation was thrown into the trash can of history.


In the 1990 National Football Championship, the relevant departments used the rule that "every match must be determined, and when two teams have the same points, one goal scored in the away game is counted as two."


We cite an example and everyone will know how wonderful this regulation is.


In the current competition, the Beijing team defeated Tianjin 1-0 at their home court and took the lead in two rounds. In the second round of the decisive battle between the two sides, the Tianjin team at home tied the Beijing team 1:1 in 88 minutes.


According to the rules, if the battle becomes 1:1 within 90 minutes, the two sides must enter overtime.


The Tianjin side knows that they are behind, so they want to hold the tie to get more game time. The Beijing side wants to make Tianjin score a goal in the last two minutes so that they can end the game within 90 minutes and eliminate Tianjin with a total score of 2:2 (because Beijing scored an away goal, we can The actual total score is understood to be 3:2).


In this context, a unique picture appeared in the history of Chinese football and even world football: the Beijing team goalkeeper abandons in the final stage of the game, and the Beijing team player turns his gun to shoot at his goal. Instead, the opponent Tianjin team blocked the Beijing team's goal, struggling to block the Beijing team player's shot.


Such a picture is indeed incredible today, but it really appears in the history of Chinese football.


Compared with two away goals, the Chinese Football Association's “one goal and one goal count” policy is much more famous. Even friends who don’t know football at all have asked: Chinese football really has a “header goal count as two” rule?


That's right, this strange rule that you seem to be today also appeared in the history of Chinese football.


Back in the mid-1980s, the New Zealand national team, which was good at playing high and high, defeated the Chinese team with two unreasonable headers, so that the Chinese team’s World Cup dream was shattered ahead of time.


After that game, the Football Association took a fancy to the unreasonable tactics of playing high and then immediately determined the future development direction of Chinese football-physical confrontation and aerial work.


In order to vigorously promote the spirit of "strengthening physical confrontation and encouraging headers to score goals" and create a unique Chinese head team worldwide, the Chinese Football Association has immediately decided to implement new scoring regulations since the beginning of the season: any corner kick, free kick header Break the door and count as two!


Looking at the history of modern football for hundreds of years, the rule of scoring a header has only appeared in Chinese football. For a time, the major teams have fallen into the "empty goal without shooting" cycle, the forwards of all directions always try their best to provoke the ball and use the header to attack the goal.


Under such a background environment, not only did the Chinese players' header skills fail to improve, but the most basic spectacle of the league also disappeared due to the intervention of the strange regulations. Just a year later, the Football Association cancelled the rule under overwhelming doubts.


For a long time in the 1910s, the downturn in the football market was a major problem that plagued the Chinese Football Association.


Due to the lack of big-name stars in the Chinese Super League and the overall competitive level presented by major clubs is difficult to meet expectations, most fans are reluctant to visit the game in person.


In order to save the dilemma of the downturn in the market, the Chinese Football Association issued a bizarre regulation in 2007: If the average number of seats per game of each team in the Super League is less than 10,000, 5% of the year-end league dividend will be deducted; if the average number of seats per game is less than 5,000 , Deducting 10% of the year-end league dividend.


The original intention of the Football Association is very clear: to stimulate the club to improve its own strength by linking the attendance rate with the year-end dividend, so as to achieve the goal of a popular market.


The starting point of the Football Association is true, but the way it is implemented is somewhat extreme.


As we all know, the cultivation of football culture is by no means an overnight effort. Even if some big cities have a sufficient base of fans, it is not easy for clubs to attract fans to the scene in a short time.


Under such a background environment, another strange scene of Chinese football has appeared: in order to meet the attendance requirements set by the Football Association, major clubs have started free watching activities, and many teams even appointed special personnel to distribute flyers. The way to give away tickets.


What's more, the club organizes employees of its subsidiaries to go to the scene for free to watch the game, in order to achieve the goal of "catch up the number of people."


With the efforts of major clubs, the attendance rate of the Super League finally reached a "satisfactory" figure.


At the beginning of this century, with the increasing influence of excellent overseas leagues in the country, how to improve the competitiveness and appreciation of domestic leagues has become a hot topic for discussion by the whole people.


It seems that in order to learn from the "Hundred Flowers" Little World Cup in the 1990s, the Chinese Football Association also introduced a rule aimed at enhancing the competitiveness of the league in 2004:


A team can have up to 4 internationals.


In other words, if a team already has 4 internationals in the formation, then before these 4 internationals leave the team, this team cannot introduce international players in any form.


It now appears that this rule can only be described as absurd.


First of all, this regulation has seriously affected the club's autonomous decision-making power, making the club's management of its players and the introduction of new aids restricted by the upper-level football association, which is not conducive to the healthy and healthy development of the league.


Secondly, although the regulation clarifies the upper limit of each team's national football, it does not give a clear definition of the national football.


At that time, there were so many players who had experience in the national team. Although some people were called "national footballers", they were only selected for the national training team and did not even represent the national team in any game.


Let me ask: If these players can be classified as nationals, then many teams may not even have 11 starting players.


Due to the ambiguity of this regulation, major clubs have encountered various difficulties in the implementation process, and the Football Association has obviously underestimated the difficulty of implementing this regulation.


In the end, with the acquiescence of both parties, this regulation withdrew from the stage of history in a form that would not be able to escape.


The author mentioned in the previous article that China's football league experienced a long period of downturn in the 10s of this century. The reason is not only related to the lack of big-name players, but also inseparable from a strange regulation issued by the Football Association.


In 1997, the Chinese national team with the aura of "the strongest in history" unexpectedly missed the 1998 World Cup in France. In order to reverse the defeat and rekindle the hopes of the World Cup, the national football team then invited the "artifact coach" Milu, and let Yan Shiduo, known as "Yan Wang", be the head of the Football Association.


After Yan Shiduo took office, he immediately clarified the core idea of ​​"all concessions for the impact of the World Cup". In 2000, the Football Association had the idea of ​​canceling the 2001 season A promotion system.

颜世铎上任后,立即阐明了``为世界杯的影响而做出的所有让步''的核心思想。 2000年,足协有了取消2001赛季A晋升制度的想法。

In November of the same year, Yan Shiduo continued to implement the regulation under pressure from many media at the National Daily Football Reporting Seminar.


In 2001, Zhang Jilong, then vice chairman of the AFC and director of the AFC Competition Department, used his invincible hand to bring a pair of unparalleled good deals to the Chinese team: Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq were assigned to Group A. , And the relatively weaker Oman, Qatar, UAE and Uzbekistan are assigned to Group B along with China.


You know, because the 2002 World Cup was held in Japan and South Korea, the Chinese team has lost two natural competitors in the qualifying rounds. In addition, there is no traditional Asian team in the same group. The qualifying situation of the Chinese team is very good.


In order to seize the once-in-a-lifetime promotion opportunity, the Chinese Football Association further strengthened the idea of ​​canceling the 2001 season promotion system.


At the same time, in order to ensure that the members of the national team have enough time to gather for training, the Football Association has ordered that no Chinese players can play in overseas leagues before the top 10 of the World Cup in Japan and South Korea.


This regulation directly cut off the dream of studying abroad for many Chinese players.


For example, the famous Chinese football defender Zhang Enhua joined the Greensby team of the League at the end of 2000. This talented guard with a knife scored three goals shortly after coming to the team and helped the team score valuable 5 points.


Unfortunately, the Football Association's ban on Zhang Enhua's dream of studying abroad can only be ended early. Before the top ten, Zhang Enhua left Greensby in desperation and returned to China. After several attempts, he failed to start the overseas study again.


From a certain point of view, the Football Association's strategy of "making way for the World Cup" has achieved results. In 2002, the National Football Team finally got its wish and entered the World Cup finals.

从某种角度看,足协的“为世界杯做准备”的战略取得了成效。 2002年,国家橄榄球队终于如愿以偿,进入了世界杯决赛圈。

However, from the perspective of future generations, this bizarre regulation that violates the law of football development has almost destroyed the foundation of the professional league: players have no fighting spirit, decline in appreciation, sponsors withdraw funds, and the wind of studying abroad has stopped abruptly... even When the final match-fixing is rampant, the "decade of darkness" of Chinese football has arrived.


The 2008 Super League season can be called "the highest peak of Chinese football chaos."


Take the "Wuhan Retirement Incident" that was raging at that time as an example. Wuhan Optics Valley, deeply mired in the quagmire of relegation, ushered in its strong enemy Beijing Guoan on September 28, 2008. After 90 minutes of hard fighting, Wuhan Optics Valley finally drew 1-1 with Guoan and grabbed a key point on the road to relegation. .

以当时肆虐的“武汉退休事件”为例。深陷降级泥潭的武汉光谷于2008年9月28日迎来了其强大的敌人北京国安。经过90分钟的艰苦奋战,武汉光谷终于与国安队以1-1战胜了关键点降级。 。

During the match, Wuhan Optics Valley player Li Weifeng was sent off for trampling on Guoan player Lu Jiang, and the latter also received a red card for locking his throat. Soon after the game ended, the Football Association issued an announcement announcing that Li Weifeng and Lu Jiang were banned for 8 games each and fined 8,000 yuan.


From a certain point of view, this punishment can be described as "not painful or itchy" for Guoan, but it can be described as a "head blow" for Wuhan Guanguang Valley, who is short of soldiers.


Shen Liefeng, then chairman of Wuhan Optics Valley Club, said publicly: "This punishment is to drive us into desperation. If the Football Association does not take back the punishment, we will definitely withdraw from the Super League!"


The final result is believed to be known to everyone. The Football Association ignored Shen Liefeng’s protest. Wuhan Optics Valley finally announced its withdrawal from the Chinese Super League on October 1, 2008.


The Wuhan retirement event is almost a microcosm of the 2008 Super League: lack of viewing, poor player attitudes, a lot of chaos off the court... The Chinese Football Association is struggling to deal with the endless negative news.


The most direct manifestation of league chaos is the reduction of sponsorship. Kingway Beer’s one-year naming fee was originally RMB 40 million, but due to serious damage to the interests of the merchants, Kingway Beer decided to reduce the naming fee to RMB 20 million.


What is the deduction for the missing large sum of money? The answer given by Kingway Brewery was shocking-it was the beer produced by their company.


On the eve of the Spring Festival in 2009, the major teams in the Super League successively received "dividends" from Kingway Beer-750 cases of beer and a printer.

在2009年春节前夕,中超联赛的主要队伍相继收到了Kingway Beer-750箱啤酒和印刷机的“股息”。

As the league’s chaos has become a reality, and the attendance rate and ratings are far lower than expected, although Kingway’s approach to the top account violates the rules, the Football Association and the major teams have no choice but to accept it.


According to people's consistent understanding, when two teams have the same points, then compare the results of the relationship, the goal difference, the number of goals and other data. However, the Football Association at the beginning of this century did not take the usual path. On the eve of the 2002 season, it announced a rule: if the two teams have the same points, the relationship between winning and losing and the goal difference are also the same, the ranking is determined by the draw ratio.


After the 2002 A League season ended, Shenzhen Ping An and Beijing Guoan (with 52 points), Tianjin Teda and Shenyang Jinde (with 34 points) need to draw lots to determine the ranking.

在2002 A联赛赛季结束后,深圳平安和北京国安(得到52分),天津泰达和沉阳金德(得到34分)需要抽签确定排名。

On the morning of December 3, 2002, in the Football Association office, a rare scene happened: Xie Feng, assistant coach of the Shenzhen Ping An team, used a good luck to "beat" the club J drawn by the Beijing Guoan team leader Wei Kexing with a club Q. Won the runner-up in the 2002 season A League.


In the "match" between TEDA and Kinder, Tianjin TEDA drew a diamond J, and Shenyang Kinder won a sloppy six. In accordance with the rules set by the Football Association, Tianjin TEDA ranked 10th in the 2002 season A League, and Shenyang Jinde ranked 11th.


After the final ranking of the league was released, many domestic media used "Shenzhen Safely Draws A Second Place" as the title. Perhaps this is the biggest irony of Chinese football.


The aforementioned "drawing of cards for ranking" at least gives the result to luck, but there are too many unknown factors in the following example.


The Chinese Football Association, which has always been good at creating rules, came up with a whim under such a background environment. The then director of the league competition department Lang Xiaonong put forward the "single and double theory".


In short, Yiteng Liantie and Mianyang Fenggu each chose "single" and "double", and then sent representatives to write down an Arabic numeral (the number must be between 0-9).


If two Arabic numbers add up to an even number, Mianyang Fenggu is promoted; if two Arabic numbers add up to an odd number, Yiteng Liantie is promoted.

如果两个阿拉伯数字加起来为偶数,那么绵阳丰谷将被提升;如果两个阿拉伯数字加起来为一个奇数,则将提高Yiteng Liantie。

Just when the Football Association thought it was done, an accident happened.


At the lottery scene, after Wang Jun, the head coach of Yiteng Liantie who chose "single", handed the note to Lang Xiaonong, Lang Xiaonong actually asked Wang Jun for the number chosen in front of Mianyang Fenggu general manager Li Haisheng.


When Wang Jun said "9", Li Haisheng immediately followed up: "We also chose 9."

当王军说“ 9”时,李海生立即跟进:“我们也选择了9”。

In the end, Mianyang Fenggu succeeded in qualifying with this unclear 9 but the Yiteng Liantie Club filed a complaint with the Chinese Football Association afterwards. They believed that there was an early leak in the drawing process, and Mianyang Fenggu could not prove their choice of Arabic numbers. It is 9, not 6.


Undoubtedly, the original intention of the so-called “wonderful” regulations is to enable projects to embark on a path of rapid development. However, due to various reasons such as incomplete consideration and overly aggressive implementation, these regulations not only did not help positively, but also made the athletes complain.


Based on this background environment, it is very important to be aware of errors and correct them in time.


Take the recent uproar in physical testing as an example. After experiencing tremendous pressure from public opinion, the China Boxing Association issued an official announcement on the afternoon of September 30, officially announcing that the next 2020 National Women’s Boxing Championship will be adjusted to physical testing and cancel the criticized For the 3 km project, several other projects were changed to 1/2 competition stage.


The active change of the China Boxing Association seems to have made a good start for other sports. How to reasonably change the physical test standards according to the needs of the event, so as to ensure that athletes receive practical help, is an urgent issue for the relevant departments.


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